PHP Unconference Europe 2015

array_flip

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

array_flipVertauscht alle Schlüssel mit ihren zugehörigen Werten in einem Array

Beschreibung

array array_flip ( array $array )

array_flip() gibt ein Array in vertauschter Reihenfolge aus, d.h. die Schlüssel von array werden zu Werten und die Werte von array werden zu Schlüsseln.

Beachten Sie, dass die Werte von array gültige Schlüssel sein müssen, d.h. sie müssen entweder Integer oder String sein. Ist ein Wert vom falschen Typ, so wird eine Warnung ausgegeben, und das Schlüssel/Wert-Paar wird nicht ins Ergebnis übernommen.

Kommt ein Wert mehrfach vor, so wird der letzte Schlüssel als Wert verwendet und alle anderen Werte gehen verloren.

Parameter-Liste

array

Ein Array mit Schlüssel/Wertpaaren die vertauscht werden sollen.

Rückgabewerte

Gibt im Erfolgsfall das vertauschte Array zurück und im Fehlerfall NULL.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 array_flip()-Beispiel

<?php
$trans 
array_flip($trans);
$original strtr($str$trans);
?>

Beispiel #2 array_flip()-Beispiel: Kollision

<?php
$trans 
= array("a" => 1"b" => 1"c" => 2);
$trans array_flip($trans);
print_r($trans);
?>

nun ist $trans:

Array
(
    [1] => b
    [2] => c
)

Siehe auch

  • array_values() - Liefert alle Werte eines Arrays
  • array_keys() - Liefert alle Schlüssel oder eine Teilmenge aller Schlüssel eines Arrays
  • array_reverse() - Liefert ein Array mit umgekehrter Reihenfolge der Elemente

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User Contributed Notes 12 notes

up
27
Final
2 years ago
I find this function vey useful when you have a big array and you want to know if a given value is in the array. in_array in fact becomes quite slow in such a case, but you can flip the big array and then use isset to obtain the same result in a much faster way.
up
14
Tony H
1 year ago
This function is useful when parsing a CSV file with a heading column, but the columns might vary in order or presence:

<?php

$f
= fopen("file.csv", "r");

/* Take the first line (the header) into an array, then flip it
so that the keys are the column name, and values are the
column index. */
$cols = array_flip(fgetcsv($f));

while (
$line = fgetcsv($f))
{
   
// Now we can reference CSV columns like so:
   
$status = $line[$cols['OrderStatus']];
}

?>

I find this better than referencing the numerical array index.
up
3
kjensen at iaff106 dot com
2 years ago
I needed a way to flip a multidimensional array and came up with this function to accomplish the task.  I hope it helps someone else.

<?php
function multi_array_flip($arrayIn, $DesiredKey, $DesiredKey2=false, $OrigKeyName=false) {
$ArrayOut=array();
foreach (
$arrayIn as $Key=>$Value)
    {
       
// If there is an original key that need to be preserved as data in the new array then do that if requested ($OrigKeyName=true)
       
if ($OrigKeyName) $Value[$OrigKeyName]=$Key;
       
// Require a string value in the data part of the array that is keyed to $DesiredKey
       
if (!is_string($Value[$DesiredKey])) return false;

       
// If $DesiredKey2 was specified then assume a multidimensional array is desired and build it
       
if (is_string($DesiredKey2))
        {
           
// Require a string value in the data part of the array that is keyed to $DesiredKey2
           
if (!is_string($Value[$DesiredKey2])) return false;

           
// Build NEW multidimensional array
           
$ArrayOut[$Value[$DesiredKey]][$Value[$DesiredKey2]]=$Value;
        }

           
// Build NEW single dimention array
       
else $ArrayOut[$Value[$DesiredKey]][]=$Value;
    }
return
$ArrayOut;
}
//end multi_array_flip
?>
up
3
snaury at narod dot ru
9 years ago
When you do array_flip, it takes the last key accurence for each value, but be aware that keys order in flipped array will be in the order, values were first seen in original array. For example, array:

    [1] => 1
    [2] => 2
    [3] => 3
    [4] => 3
    [5] => 2
    [6] => 1
    [7] => 1
    [8] => 3
    [9] => 3

After flipping will become:
(first seen value -> first key)

    [1] => 7
    [2] => 5
    [3] => 9

And not anything like this:
(last seen value -> last key)

    [2] => 5
    [1] => 7
    [3] => 9

In my application I needed to find five most recently commented entries. I had a sorted comment-id => entry-id array, and what popped in my mind is just do array_flip($array), and I thought I now would have last five entries in the array as most recently commented entry => comment pairs. In fact it wasn't (see above, as it is the order of values used). To achieve what I need I came up with the following (in case someone will need to do something like that):

First, we need a way to flip an array, taking the first encountered key for each of values in array. You can do it with:

  $array = array_flip(array_unique($array));

Well, and to achieve that "last comments" effect, just do:

  $array = array_reverse($array, true);
  $array = array_flip(array_unique($array));
  $array = array_reverse($array, true);

In the example from the very beginning array will become:

    [2] => 5
    [1] => 7
    [3] => 9

Just what I (and maybe you?) need. =^_^=
up
2
Anonymous
2 years ago
Similarly, if you want the last value without affecting the pointer, you can do:

<?php

$array
= array("one","two","three");

echo
next($array); // "two"

$last = array_pop(array_keys(array_flip($array)));

echo
$last// "three"

echo current($array); // "two"

?>
up
3
Hayley Watson
5 years ago
Finding the longest string in an array?

<?php
function longest_string_in_array($array)
{
   
$mapping = array_combine($array, array_map('strlen', $array));
    return
array_keys($mapping, max($mapping));
}
?>

Differences are obvious: returns an array of [i]all[/i] of the longest strings, instead of just picking one arbitrarily. Doesn't do the stripslashing or magic stuff because that's another job for for another function.
up
1
dan at aoindustries dot com
5 years ago
From an algorithmic efficiency standpoint, building an entire array of lengths to then sort to only retrieve the longest value is unnecessary work.  The following should be O(n) instead of O(n log n).  It could also be:

<?php
function get_longest_value($array) {
   
// Some don't like to initialize, I do
   
$longest = NULL;
   
$longestLen = -1;
    foreach (
$array $value) {
       
$len = strlen($value);
        if(
$len>$longestLen) {
           
$longest = $value;
           
$longestLen = $len;
        }
    }
   
$longest = str_replace("\r\n", "\n", $longest);
    if (
get_magic_quotes_gpc()) { return stripslashes($longest); }
    return
$longest;
}
?>
up
-2
grimdestripador at hotmail dot com
8 months ago
<?php
function array_flip_into_subarray($input){
$output = array();
foreach (
$input as $key=>$values){
    foreach (
$values as $value){
       
$output[$value][] = $key;
    }
}
return
$output;
}
up
-2
h3x
4 years ago
this function can be used to remove null elements form an array:

<?php
$ar
= array(null,'1','2',null,'3',null);
print_r($ar);
/*
result:
Array
(
    [0] =>
    [1] => 1
    [2] => 2
    [3] =>
    [4] => 3
    [5] =>
)
*/

print_r(array_flip(array_flip($ar)));
/*
result:
Array
(
    [1] => 1
    [2] => 2
    [4] => 3
)
*/
?>
up
-1
znailz at yahoo dot com
11 years ago
I know a lot of people want a function to remove a key by value from an array. I saw solutions that iterate(!) though the whole array comparing value by value and then unsetting that value's key. PHP has a built-in function for pretty much everything (heard it will even cook you breakfast), so if you think "wouldn't it be cool if PHP had a function to do that...", odds are it already has. Check out this example. It takes a value, gets all keys for that value if it has duplicates, unsets them all, and returns a reindexed array.

<?php
$arr
= array(11,12,13,12);        // sample array
$arr = array_flip($arr);
unset(
$arr[12]);
$arr = array(array_keys($arr));
?>

$arr contains:

Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [0] => 11
            [1] => 13
        )
?>

)
up
-2
pinkgothic at gmail dot com
7 years ago
In case anyone is wondering how array_flip() treats empty arrays:

<?php
print_r
(array_flip(array()));
?>

results in:

Array
(
)

I wanted to know if it would return false and/or even chuck out an error if there were no key-value pairs to flip, despite being non-intuitive if that were the case. But (of course) everything works as expected. Just a head's up for the paranoid.
up
-4
corz at corz dot org
5 years ago
<?php
/*
    Fun function to return the longest physical *value* from an array.

    Culled from a small script designed to capture the longest $_POST variable,
    usually the textarea, which would then be dumped to a "emergency post dump file".

    corz at corz dot org
*/

$array = array("input" => "submit", "textarea" => "Some long spiel of text\r\na textarea, probably",
                       
"another-input" => "make me longer", "and" => "another", "etc" => "etc.");

echo
'<!DOCTYPE HTML SYSTEM><html><head><title>long</title></head><body><pre>Longest value: ',
                                           
get_longest_value($array),'</pre></body></html>';

function
get_longest_value($array) {
    foreach (
$array as $key => $value) {
       
$lengths[$key] = strlen($value);
    }
   
asort($lengths);
   
$lengths = array_flip($lengths);
   
$longest = str_replace("\r\n", "\n", $array[array_pop($lengths)]);
    if (
get_magic_quotes_gpc()) { return stripslashes($longest); }
    return
$longest;
}
?>
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