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PDO::errorInfo Fetch extended error information associated with the last operation on the database handle


array PDO::errorInfo ( void )

Return Values

PDO::errorInfo() returns an array of error information about the last operation performed by this database handle. The array consists of the following fields:

Element Information
0 SQLSTATE error code (a five characters alphanumeric identifier defined in the ANSI SQL standard).
1 Driver-specific error code.
2 Driver-specific error message.


If the SQLSTATE error code is not set or there is no driver-specific error, the elements following element 0 will be set to NULL.

PDO::errorInfo() only retrieves error information for operations performed directly on the database handle. If you create a PDOStatement object through PDO::prepare() or PDO::query() and invoke an error on the statement handle, PDO::errorInfo() will not reflect the error from the statement handle. You must call PDOStatement::errorInfo() to return the error information for an operation performed on a particular statement handle.


Example #1 Displaying errorInfo() fields for a PDO_ODBC connection to a DB2 database

/* Provoke an error -- bogus SQL syntax */
$stmt $dbh->prepare('bogus sql');
if (!
$stmt) {

The above example will output:

    [0] => HY000
    [1] => 1
    [2] => near "bogus": syntax error

See Also

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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

alagar86 at gmail dot com
5 years ago
Please note : that this example won't work if PDO::ATTR_EMULATE_PREPARES is true.

You should set it to false

$stmt = $dbh->prepare('bogus sql');
if (!
$stmt) {
quickshiftin at gmail dot com
9 years ago
here are the error codes for sqlite, straight from their site:

The error codes for SQLite version 3 are unchanged from version 2. They are as follows:
#define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* SQL error or missing database */
#define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* An internal logic error in SQLite */
#define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
#define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
#define SQLITE_BUSY         5   /* The database file is locked */
#define SQLITE_LOCKED       6   /* A table in the database is locked */
#define SQLITE_NOMEM        7   /* A malloc() failed */
#define SQLITE_READONLY     8   /* Attempt to write a readonly database */
#define SQLITE_INTERRUPT    9   /* Operation terminated by sqlite_interrupt() */
#define SQLITE_IOERR       10   /* Some kind of disk I/O error occurred */
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT     11   /* The database disk image is malformed */
#define SQLITE_NOTFOUND    12   /* (Internal Only) Table or record not found */
#define SQLITE_FULL        13   /* Insertion failed because database is full */
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN    14   /* Unable to open the database file */
#define SQLITE_PROTOCOL    15   /* Database lock protocol error */
#define SQLITE_EMPTY       16   /* (Internal Only) Database table is empty */
#define SQLITE_SCHEMA      17   /* The database schema changed */
#define SQLITE_TOOBIG      18   /* Too much data for one row of a table */
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT  19   /* Abort due to contraint violation */
#define SQLITE_MISMATCH    20   /* Data type mismatch */
#define SQLITE_MISUSE      21   /* Library used incorrectly */
#define SQLITE_NOLFS       22   /* Uses OS features not supported on host */
#define SQLITE_AUTH        23   /* Authorization denied */
#define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite_step() has finished executing */
mazen at mindcraftinc dot com
8 years ago
Some PDO drivers return a larger array. For example, the SQL Server driver returns 5 values.

For example:
= $db->exec("DELETE FROM [TableName] WHERE ID between 6 and 17");


    [0] => 00000
    [1] => 0
    [2] => (null) [0] (severity 0) []
    [3] => 0
    [4] => 0
pere dot pasqual at gmail dot com
1 year ago
I don't know why mazen at mindcraftinc dot com is getting that amount of negative votes: in my case, I've constated that with odbc_driver and an Access database, this method is returning ONE extra field appart from what is stated in this manual.
More precisely, if using the PDO odbc_pdo driver with an Access database, in a fourth array element I'm getting the ODBC Status Return Code.
quickshiftin at gmail dot com
9 years ago
here is a reference to the ansi error codes
there are several others;
a link to the official spec from ansi would be nice
(have to rebuild this link because its too long to post w/o breaking it up)

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