checkdate

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

checkdateValidate a Gregorian date

Description

bool checkdate ( int $month , int $day , int $year )

Checks the validity of the date formed by the arguments. A date is considered valid if each parameter is properly defined.

Parameters

month

The month is between 1 and 12 inclusive.

day

The day is within the allowed number of days for the given month. Leap years are taken into consideration.

year

The year is between 1 and 32767 inclusive.

Return Values

Returns TRUE if the date given is valid; otherwise returns FALSE.

Examples

Example #1 checkdate() example

<?php
var_dump
(checkdate(12312000));
var_dump(checkdate(2292001));
?>

The above example will output:

bool(true)
bool(false)

See Also

  • mktime() - Get Unix timestamp for a date
  • strtotime() - Parse about any English textual datetime description into a Unix timestamp

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
407
glavic at gmail dot com
3 years ago
With DateTime you can make the shortest date&time validator for all formats.

<?php

function validateDate($date, $format = 'Y-m-d H:i:s')
{
   
$d = DateTime::createFromFormat($format, $date);
    return
$d && $d->format($format) == $date;
}

var_dump(validateDate('2012-02-28 12:12:12')); # true
var_dump(validateDate('2012-02-30 12:12:12')); # false
var_dump(validateDate('2012-02-28', 'Y-m-d')); # true
var_dump(validateDate('28/02/2012', 'd/m/Y')); # true
var_dump(validateDate('30/02/2012', 'd/m/Y')); # false
var_dump(validateDate('14:50', 'H:i')); # true
var_dump(validateDate('14:77', 'H:i')); # false
var_dump(validateDate(14, 'H')); # true
var_dump(validateDate('14', 'H')); # true

var_dump(validateDate('2012-02-28T12:12:12+02:00', 'Y-m-d\TH:i:sP')); # true
# or
var_dump(validateDate('2012-02-28T12:12:12+02:00', DateTime::ATOM)); # true

var_dump(validateDate('Tue, 28 Feb 2012 12:12:12 +0200', 'D, d M Y H:i:s O')); # true
# or
var_dump(validateDate('Tue, 28 Feb 2012 12:12:12 +0200', DateTime::RSS)); # true
var_dump(validateDate('Tue, 27 Feb 2012 12:12:12 +0200', DateTime::RSS)); # false
# ...
up
0
Daniel
4 days ago
@whitej71

In the example you gave, it is correctly returning false. The function example is comparing a string to a known date format. I suggest reading the documentation on the date format to see why you're making the wrong assumption.
up
-10
whitej71 at msu dot edu
8 months ago
The below suggested date validation (from another note) does NOT work for ALL formats and date inputs.

function validateDate($date, $format = 'Y-m-d H:i:s')
{
    $d = DateTime::createFromFormat($format, $date);
    return $d && $d->format($format) == $date;
}

A couple of examples should suffice as a warning to test carefully and particularly not to use code that allows passing in of just any date format string:

var_dump(validateDate('7/01/16', 'n/j/y')); # false but should be true
var_dump(validateDate('7/1/16', 'm/d/y')); # false but should be true

Sorry, I don't have a suggested correction.
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